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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

Submission Checklist

Structure: Ensure the submission is structured as requested by the journal and contains all relevant sections.

Title page: All submissions must have a title page stating all of the relevant information.

Language: Non-native English speakers are encouraged to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission. This is a particular key for revised submissions.

Format: All submissions should follow the journal guidelines for word count, page margins, and line numbering.

Reported data: Data accuracy is crucial. Authors are strongly encouraged to double-check all reported data for accuracy and to confirm that all units of measurement are correct and consistent.

References: Refer to APA style for the references.

Graphics: All figures and tables should be presented in a clear and informative manner with accompanying legends.

Ethical compliance: All articles are required to meet the requirements. Ensure you have included all relevant ethical approval statements.

Before submitting

Approval: Ensure all authors have seen and approved the final version of the article before submission. All authors must also support the journal you are submitting to.

Charges: There is no charge for submission and publication. Five offprints are given free of charge to the identified recipient Author(s). Please note that we will not provide the journal unless a request from the Author(s).  

Uploading your submission

Author list: All authors must be listed on the title page and entered on the manuscript's submission in the correct order. Ensure all author email addresses provided are valid. 

All submission should follow the journal template for page margins and line numbering. See "Journal Template" for details.

File formats: Ensure all files are in the correct format for revised submissions.

Figures and tables: Ensure all figures and table files are present and correct, and that they display clearly in the pdf proof.


Manuscripts should be submitted at our manuscript submission and information portal The status of submitted manuscripts can also be tracked at this portal.


Manuscripts should:

  • Be concise and clear.
  • Be limited to 5000 words for Research submissions
  • Define all abbreviations when first mentioned.
  • Be submitted in the correct file type, i.e. main document in an editable Word format.
  • Be written in either UK or US English.
  • Contain a title page.

Accepted file types:

  • Please be aware that the combined size of your files should not exceed 25 MB.
  • For article text: txt, doc, docx, tex. We are unable to accept pdf files for article text for revised manuscripts but can do so for first submissions
  • For figures: eps, tiff, jpg, pdf

Changes within revised manuscripts should be highlighted using the highlighter function or coloured text and should be accompanied by a full response letter to editor and reviewer comments.


This journal is free of charges author fees.

  • Article Submission: 0.00 (USD)
  • Article Publication: 0.00 (USD)


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